Raspberry Pi Home Server Setup Notes

June 9, 2023

Cause I’m too lazy to lookup all the commands again…

Quick update: I actually started using Ansible to configure the Pi. You can find my code repo here if you are interested. Code’s not the best, still learning but it’s been fun.

Docker Section

Apps are fun. Let’s begin with those.

Here’s my directory structure. It really doesn’t matter, but I found this to be the most simple.

Make a folder for each application in the home user directory. An example server would look something like…

parker@pi-server:~ $ ls
ghost  nginx-proxy-manager  portainer

Inside each application folder, it contains a docker-compose.yml file, containing the pieces required to run that application. You will also find a data/ folder inside, containing the application’s persistent data. Please note that this may be different based on what your application looks like.

Install Docker

curl -sSL | sh

sudo usermod -aG docker $USER

Then reboot to see changes.


Gotta have a webui for viewing container logs and stuff. Makes life so much easier.

Here’s what my docker-compose.yml looks like…

version: '3'

    image: portainer/portainer-ce:latest
    container_name: portainer
    restart: unless-stopped
      - no-new-privileges:true
      - /etc/localtime:/etc/localtime:ro
      - /var/run/docker.sock:/var/run/docker.sock:ro
      - ./data:/data
      - 9000:9000

Security Section

Put Docker Compose passwords in .env

Just good practice, especially if you upload docker-compose files to Github. Then make sure to add .env to the gitignore.

Please note the syntax will look different based on your docker compose version. In docker compose file…

  - .env
  very_important_password_variable: ${IMPORTANT_PASSWORD}

In the same directory add your .env file. The text contents will look like this…


Install ufw

sudo ufw default deny incoming

sudo ufw default allow outgoing

sudo ufw allow ssh

sudo ufw enable

SSH Keys

Ensure you have ssh keys on both your host machine and your server. Run the following command on both machines.


Then from your host machine…

ssh-copy-id user@pi-server.local

Unattended upgrades

Just for those sweet, sweet automatic system updates. No further configuration is required.

sudo apt install unattended-upgrades


sudo apt install fail2ban

sudo cp /etc/fail2ban/.conf /etc/fail2ban/jail.local